It is also used quite frequently in the business world to imply a two-sided, mutually contingent and rewarding process involving transactions or simply exchange.
After Homans founded the theory, other theorists continued to write about it, particularly Peter M. Emerson, who in addition to Homans are generally thought of as the major developers of the exchange perspective within sociology.
The activity of intimating (making known) underpins the meanings of "intimate" when used as a noun and adjective.
The noun "intimate" means a person with whom one has a particularly close relationship.
Blau's utilitarian focus encouraged the theorist to look forward, as in what they anticipated the reward would be in regards to their next social interaction.
Richard Emerson's early work on the theory intertwined with both Homans and Blau's ideas.
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Social exchange theory is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties.
Social exchange theory posits that human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives.
Free 5-day trial In this lesson, we define and discuss social exchange theory and what it predicts about romantic relationships.
We also define and discuss the theory's three components: cost-benefit analysis, comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives.